New multi-scale and multi-nesting approaches for the assessment of atmospheric forcing on soil and structures will be developed to help determine the soil temperature and moisture content for different scenarios. The relevant environmental stresses yielded on the selected infrastructures under different climatic scenarios and the evaluation of the efficiency of response actions will be identified.
Downscaling of high resolution regional climate model will be performed at computational grids with horizontal resolution of a few km (0.5–3 km) in the targeted areas for specific episodes with high-impact weather and climate events. The selection of the events will be based on climate data in a way so that extreme events can be simulated and assessed.
The integration of monitoring data from advanced sensors along with the experts’ knowledge will allow for improved system identification and consequently more accurate vulnerability assessment. The availability of various scenarios stemming from high resolution regional climate model as well as multiple sources of monitoring data to be exploited by the Structural/Geotechnical simulator will allow for a more accurate prediction of the structural safety risk due to future climate change for existing structures. This will be extended to modern materials.
Modelling the function dose-response is crucial for understanding the behaviour of old materials that are not included in available databases. The range of materials and construction assemblies, as well as the variation of historical periods that the cultural heritage sites involved in HYPERION were built, will allow the creation of a materials database suitable for Heat-Air-Moisture simulations of heritage buildings and constructions. Furthermore, the HYPERION Hygro-Thermal simulation tool will include climate scenarios based on various well-documented climate change-models to predict Hygro-Thermal performance of building/ construction elements and materials degradation under these conditions.
The open-source/architecture of Holistic Risk Assessment Platform will enable an unprecedented increase in the number of available models, data, and network simulators to flow between end-users, engineers, catastrophe risk modellers, and stakeholders. Standardization and openness will allow a vibrant community to build around it, embracing existing open-source or free software and allowing inter-connectivity with proprietary simulators via standardized Application Programming Interfaces.